* = student/postdoc as lead author

Abbott, B.W. et al. including Hu, F.S. 2016. Biomass offsets little or none of permafrost carbon release from soils, streams, and wildfire. An expert assessment. Environmental Science Letters 11: 034014 (doi:10.1088).

*Chipman, M.C., Kling, G.W., Lundstrom, C.C., and Hu, F.S. 2016. Multiple episodes of thermo-erosion during the past six millennia: implications for the response of Arctic permafrost to climate change. Geology 44: 439-442.

*Dash, C.B., Fraterrigo, J.M., and Hu, F.S. 2016. Land cover influences the responses of boreal fire regimes to climate change: Geospatial analysis of historical data from Alaska. Landscape Ecology: DOI 10.1007/s10980-016-0361-2.

Kaufman et al., including Hu, F.S. 2016. Holocene climate changes in eastern Beringia (NW North America) — A systematic review.  Quaternary Science Reviews: In press.

*Kelly, R., Genet, H., McGuire, A.D., and Hu, F.S. 2016. Paleodata-informed modeling of large carbon losses from recent burning of boreal forests.  Nature Climate Change 6: 79-82. DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2832. (Cover page article)

Nelson, D.M., Urban, M.A., Kershaw, P., and Hu, F.S. 2016. Varying influences of climate and pCO2 on Cgrass abundance at high and low elevations in Australia during the last 25,000 years.  Quaternary Science Reviews 139: 67-76.

*Urban, M.A., Nelson, D.M., Jimenez-Moreno, G., and Hu, F.S. 2016. Carbon isotope analysis reveals relatively high abundance of C4 grasses during early-middle Miocene in southwestern Europe.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.11.012

Young, A.M., Higuera, P.E., Duffy, P, and Hu, F.S. 2016. Climatic thresholds shape northern-high-latitude fire regimes and imply vulnerability to future change.  Ecography: in press.

*Chipman, M.C., Hudspith, V., Higuera, P.E., Duffy, P., Kelly, R., Oswald, W.W., and Hu, F.S. 2015. Spatiotemporal patterns of tundra fires: Late-Quaternary charcoal records from Alaska.  Biogeosciences 12: 4017-4027.

Hu, F.S., Higuera, P.E., Duffy, P., Chipman, M.L., Rocha, A.V., Young, A.M., Kelly, R., and Dietze, M.C. 2015. Tundra fires in the Arctic: natural variability and responses to climate change.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13: 369-377.

Hudspith, V.A., Belcher, C.M., Kelly, R., and Hu, F.S. 2015. Charcoal reflectance reveals early Holocene boreal deciduous forests burned at high intensities.  PLoS One 10: DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0120835.

Tinner, W., Beer, R., Bigler, C., Clegg, B.F., Jones, R.T., Kaltenrieder, P., van Raden, U.J., Gilli, A., and Hu, F.S. 2015.  Late-Holocene climate variability and ecosystem responses in Alaska inferred from high-resolution multiproxy sediment analyses at Grizzly Lake.  Quaternary Science Reviews 126: 42-56.

*Urban, M, Nelson, D.M., Verschuren, D., Street-Perrott, A., and Hu, F.S. 2015. A late-Quaternary perspective on climate, pCO2, and fire as alternative drivers of C4-grass abundance.  Ecology 96: 642-653.

Wang, Y.H., Jiang, W.M., Comes, H.P., Hu, F.S., Qiu, Y.X., and Fu, C.X. 2015. Molecular phylogeography and ecological niche modeling of a widespread herbaceous climber, Tetrastigma hemsleyanum (Vitaceae): insights into Plio-Pleistocene range dynamics of evergreen forest in subtropical China.  New Phytologist 226: 852-867.

Gavin, D.G., Fitzpatrick, M.C., Gugger, P.F., Heath, K.D., Rodríguez-Sánchez, F., Dobrowski, S.Z., Hampe, A., Hu, F.S., Ashcroft, M.B., Bartlein, P.J.,., Blois, J.L., Carstens, B.C., Davis, E.B., de Lafontaine, G., Edwards, M.E., Fernandez, M., Henne, P.D., Herring, E.M., Holden, Z.A., Kong, W-S., Liu, J., Magri, D., Matzke, N.J., McGlone, M.S., Saltré, F., Stigall, A.L., Tsai, Y-H. E., and WilliamsJ.W. 2014. Climate refugia: joint inference from fossil records, species distributing spatial models, and phylogeography.  New Phytologist 204: 37-54.

McLauchlan, K , Higuera, P.E., Gavin, D.G., Perakis, S.S., Mack, M.C., Alexander, H. Battles, J., Biondi, F., Buma, B., Colombaroli, D., Enders, S., Engstrom, D.R., HuF.S., Marlon, J.R., Marshall, J., McGlone, M., Morris, J.L., Nave, L.E., Shuman, B.N., Smithwick, E., Urrego, D.H., Wardle, D.A., Williams, C.J., and Williams. J.J. 2014. Reconstructing disturbances and their biogeochemical consequences over multiple timescales.  BioScience 64: 105-116.

Nelson, D.M., Urban, M, and Hu, F.S. 2014. Spatiotemporal variation in the origin of Cgrasses: grass-pollen d13C data from the southeastern United States.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 396: 227-231.

Oswald, W.W., Brubaker, L. B., Hu, F.S., and Kling, G.W. 2014. Late-Quaternary climate and vegetation in the Alaskan Arctic.  In: Hobbie J.E., and Kling G.W. (eds.) Alaska’s Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes, pp. 80-89.  Oxford University Press.

* Barrett, C., Kelly, R., Higuera, P.E., and Hu, F.S. 2013. Climatic and land-cover influences on the spatiotemporal dynamics of Holocene boreal fire regimes. Ecology 94: 389-402.

* Kelly, R., Chipman, M.L., Higuera, P.E., Stefanova, V., Brubaker, L.B., and Hu, F.S. 2013. Pushing the limits of the boreal-forest fire regime: recent changes in a 10,000-year context. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA

Gavin, D.G., and Hu, F.S. 2013. Northwestern North America. In: Elias S.A. (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, vol. 4, pp. 124-132. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Hampe, A., Rodriguez-Sanchez, F., Dobrowski, S., Hu, F.S., and Gavin, D.G. 2013. Climate refugia: From the Last Glacial Maximum to the 21st century?. New Phytologist.

Jian, P.Y., Hu, F.S., Wang, C.P., Chiang, J.M., and Lin, T.C. 2013. Ecological facilitation between two epiphytes through drought mitigation in a subtropical rainforest. PLoS ONE: in press.

Nelson, D.M., Henderson, H., Huang, Y., and Hu, F.S. 2013. Effects of vegetational change on leaf-wax D in the Holocene sediments of Steel Lake, Minnesota. Organic Geochemistry 56: 1076-110.

Oswald, W.W., Brubaker, L. B., Hu, F.S., and Kling, G.W. 2013. Late-Quaternary climate and vegetation in the Alaskan Arctic. In press.

* Urban, M.A., Nelson, D.M., Kelly, R., Ibriham, T, Dietze, M, Pearson, A, and Hu, F.S. 2013. Classifying δ13C values of individual grains of C3and C4 grass pollen using a hierarchical Bayesian approach. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

* Chipman, M.C., Clegg, B.F., and Hu, F.S. 2012. Variation in the moisture regime of northeastern interior Alaska and possible linkages to the Aleutian Low: Inferences from a late-Holocene δ18O record. Journal of Paleolimnology 48: 69-81.

Nelson, D.M., Verschuren, D., Urban, M. A., and Hu, F.S. 2012. Long-term variation and rainfall control of savannah fire regimes in equatorial Africa. Global Change Biology 18: 3160-3170.

Oswald, W.W., Gavin, D.G., Anderson, P.M., Brubaker, L.B., and Hu, F.S. 2012. A 14,500-year record of landscape change from Okpilak Lake, northeastern Brooks Range, northern Alaska. Journal of Paleolimnology 48: 101-113.

Rocha, A., Laranty, M.M., Higuera, P.E., Mack, M.C., Hu, F.S., Jones, B.M, Breen, A.L., Rastetter, E.B., Goetz, S.J., and Shaver, G.R. 2012. The footprint of Alaskan tundra fires during the past half-century: implications for surface properties and radiative forcing. Environmental Research Letters 7: doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044039.

* Clegg, B.F., Kelly, R., Clarke, G.H., Walker, I.R., and Hu, F.S. 2011. Nonlinear response of summer temperature to Holocene insolation forcing in Alaska. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108:19299-19304.

Du, F.K., Peng, X.L., Liu, J.Q., Lacoux, M., Hu, F.S., and Petit, R.J. 2011. Direction and extent of organelle DNA introgression between two spruce species of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. New Phytologist 192: 1024-1033.

* Higuera, P.E., Chipman, M.C., Barnes, J.L., Urban, M.A., and Hu, F.S. 2011. Variability of tundra fire regimes in Alaska: millennial-scale patterns and ecological implications. Ecological Applications 21: 3211-3226.

* Higuera, P.E., Chipman, M.C., Barnes, J.L., Urban, M.A., and Hu, F.S. 2011. Tundra fire history over the past 6000 years in the Noatak National Preserve, northwestern Alaska. Alaska Parks Science 10: 37-41.

Hu, F.S. (with Bliss, L). 2011. Tundra. Encyclopedia Britannica.

* Anderson, L.L., Hu, F.S., and Paige, K.N. 2011. Phylogeographic history of white spruce during the last glacial maximum: uncovering cryptic refugia. Journal of Heredity 102: 207-216.

* Gavin, D.G., et al. including Hu, F.S. 2011. Abrupt Holocene climate change and potential response to solar forcing in western Canada. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 1243-1255.

* Kelly, R, Higuera, P.E., Barrett, C., and Hu, F.S. 2011. A signal-to-noise index to quantify the potential for peak detection in sediment-charcoal records. Quaternary Research 75: 11-17

* Kaltenrieder, P., Tinner, W., Lee, B., and Hu, F.S. 2011. A 16,000-year record of vegetational change as inferred from pollen and macrofossil records from Beaver Pond, southwestern Alaska. Journal of Quaternary Science 26: 276-285

* Tian, J., Nelson, D.M., and Hu, F.S. 2011. How well do sediment indicators record past climate: an evaluation using annually laminated sediments. Journal of Paleolimnology 45: 73-84

* Clegg, B.F., and Hu, F.S. 2010. An oxygen-isotope record of Holocene climate change in the Brooks Range, Alaska. Quaternary Science Reviews 29: 928-939.

* Clegg, B.F., Clark, G.H., Chipman, M.L., Walker, I.R., Tinner, W., and Hu, F.S. 2010. Six millennia of summer temperature variation based on midge analysis of lake sediments from Alaska. Quaternary Science Reviews 29: 3308-3316.

** Henderson A. et al. including Nelson, D.M, and Hu, F.S. 2010. Holocene precipitation seasonality captured by a dual hydrogen and oxygen isotope approach at Steel Lake, Minnesota. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 300: 205-214.

* Henne, P.D., and Hu, F.S. 2010. Holocene climate change and the development of lake-effect snowbelt in Michigan, USA. Quaternary Science Reviews 29: 940-951.

Hou, J., Huang, Y., Brosky, C., Alexandre, M.R., McNichol, A.P., King, J.W., Hu, F.S., and Shen, J. 2010. Radiocarbon dating of individual lignin phenols: a new approach for establishing chronology of late Quaternary lake sediments. Analytical Chemistry 92: 7119-7126.

** Hu, F.S., Higuera, P.E., Walsh, J.E., Chapman, W.E., Duffy, P., Brubaker, L.B., and Chipman, M.L. 2010. Tundra burning in Alaska: linkages to climatic change and sea ice retreat. Journal of Geophysical Research &ndash Biogeosciences 115, G04002, doi:10.1029/2009JG001270.

Kaufman, D.S., Anderson, R.S., Hu, F.S., Berg, E., and Werner, A. 2010. Evidence for wet and variable Younger Dryas climate in southern Alaska. Quaternary Science Reviews 29: 1445-1452.

* Urban, M. A., Nelson, D.M., Jiménez-Moreno, G., Châteauneuf, J-J., Pearson, A., and Hu, F.S. 2010. Isotopic evidence of C4 grasses in southwestern Europe during the middle Miocene-early Oligocene. Geology 38: 1091-1094. (Editors’ Choice, Science 333: 1725)

** Brubaker, L.B., Higuera, P.H., Rupp, T.S., Olson, M., Anderson, P.M., and Hu, F.S. 2009. Linking sediment charcoal records and ecological modeling to understand causes of past fire-regime change in Alaskan boreal forests. Ecology 90: 1788-1801.

* Chipman, M.L., Clarke, G.H., Clegg, B.F., Gregory-Eaves, I., and Hu, F.S. 2009. A 2000-year record of climate change at Ongoki Lake, southwestern Alaska. Journal of Paleolimnology 41: 57-75.

* Gavin, D.G., Hu, F.S., and Walker, I.R. 2009. The northern inland temperate rainforest of British Columbia: Old forests with a young history? Northwest Science 83: 70-78.

* Higuera, P.E., Brubaker, L.B., Anderson, P.M., Brown, T.A., and Hu, F.S. 2009. Vegetation mediated the impacts of postglacial climatic change on fire regimes in the south-central Brooks Range, Alaska. Ecological Monographs 79: 201-219. (Cover page article).

Hu, F.S., Hampe, A., and Petit, R.J. 2009. Paleoecology meets genetics: Deciphering past vegetational dynamics. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7: 371-379. (Highlighted on cover page)

Kaufman, D.S. et al., and Arctic Lakes 2k Project Members including Hu, F.S. 2009. Recent warming reserves long-term arctic cooling. Science 325: 1236-1239.

Marlon, J.R. et al. including Hu, F.S. 2009. Wildfire responses to abrupt climate change in North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106: 2519-2524.

** Chase, M., Bleskie, C., Walker, I.R., Gavin, D., and Hu, F.S. 2008. Midge-inferred Holocene summer temperatures in southeastern British Columbia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 257: 244-259.

* Higuera, P.E., Brubaker, L.B., Anderson, P.M., Brown, T.A., Kennedy, A., and Hu, F.S. 2008. Fires in ancient shrub tundra: implications of paleo-records for Arctic environmental change. PLoS One 3: e0001744. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001744 (featured in Editors’ Choice, Science 328: 586).

* Nelson, D.M., and Hu, F.S. 2008. Patterns and drivers of Holocene vegetation change near the prairie-forest ecotone in Minnesota: revisiting McAndrews’ transect. New Phytologist 179: 449-459.

* Nelson, D.M., Hu, F.S., Scholes, D.R., Joshi, N., and Pearson, A. 2008. Using SPIRAL (Single Pollen Isotope Ratio AnaLysis) to estimate C3- and C4-grass abundance in the paleorecord. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 269: 11-16.

Petit, R.J., Hu, F.S., and Dick, C.W. 2008. Forests of the past: a window to future changes. Science 320: 1450-1452.

Shanahan, T.M., Overpeck, J.T., Hubeny, J.B., King, J., Hu, F.S., Hughen, K., Miller, G., and Black, J. 2008. Scanning m-XRF elemental mapping: a new tool for the study of laminated sediment records. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 9: Q02016, doi:10.1029/2007GC001800.

* Tinner, W., Bigler, C., Gedye, S., Gregory-Eaves, I., Jones, R.T., Kaltenrieder, P., Krähenbühl, U., and Hu, F.S. 2008. A 700-year paleoecological record of boreal-ecosystem responses to climatic variation from Alaska. Ecology 89: 729-743. (featured in Editors’ Choice, Science 328: 586).

Vendramin, G.G., Fady, González-Martínez, S.C., Hu, F.S., Scotti, I., Sebastiani, F., Soto, Á, and Petit, R.J. 2008. Genetically depauperate but widespread: the case of an emblematic Mediterranean pine. Evolution 62: 680-688.

Dickens, A.F., Gudeman, J.A., Gelinas, Y., Baldock, J.A., Tinner, W., Hu, F.S., and Hedges, J.I. 2007. Sources and distribution of CuO derived benzenecarboxylic acids in soils and sediments. Organic Chemistry 38: 1256-1276.

* Gavin, D.G., Hallett, D.J., Hu, F.S., Lertzman, K.P., Prichard, S.J., Brown, K.J., Lynch, J.A., Bartlein, P., and Peterson, D.L. 2007. Forest fire and climate change: insights from sediment charcoal records. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5: 499-506.

* Henne, P.H., Hu, F.S., and Cleland D. T. 2007. Lake-effect snow as the dominant control of mesic-forest distribution in Michigan, USA. Journal of Ecology 95: 517-529.

* Nelson, D.M., Hu, F.S., Mikucki, J.A., Tian, J., and Pearson, A. 2007. Carbon isotopic analysis of individual pollen grains from C3 and C4 grasses using a moving-wire combustion interface. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 71: 4005-4014.

* Nelson, D.M., Ohene-Adjei, S., Hu, F.S., Cann, I.K.O., and Mackie, R.I. 2007. Bacterial diversity and distribution in the Holocene sediments of a northern temperate lake. Microbial Ecology54: 253-263.

* Anderson, L.L., Hu, F.S., Nelson, D.M., Petit, R.J., and Paige, K.N. 2006. Ice-age endurance: DNA evidence for a white spruce refugium in Alaska. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103: 12447-12450.

* Gavin, D. G., and Hu, F.S. 2006. Spatial variation of climatic and non-climatic controls on species distribution: the range limit of Tsuga heterophylla. Journal of Biogeography 33: 1384-1396.

* Gavin, D. G., Hu, F.S., Lertzman, K, and Corbett, P. 2006. Weak climatic control of stand-scale fire history during the late Holocene in southeastern British Columbia. Ecology 87: 1722-1732.

** Hu, F.S., Brubaker, L.B., Gavin, D.G., Higuera, P.E., Lynch, J.A., Rupp, T.S., and Tinner, W. 2006. How climate and vegetation influence the fire regime of the Alaskan boreal-forest biome: the Holocene perspective. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 11: 829-846.

** Hu, F.S., Nelson, D.M., Clarke, G.H., Ruhland, K.M., Huang, Y.S., Kaufman, D.S., and Smol, J.P. 2006. Abrupt climatic events during the last glacial-interglacial transition in Alaska. Geophysical Research Letters 33: L18708, doi: 10.1029/2006GL027261.

* Nelson, D.M., Hu, F.S., Grimm, E.C., Curry, B.B., and Slate, J. 2006. The influence of aridity and fire on Holocene prairie communities in the eastern Prairie Peninsula. Ecology 87: 2523-2536.

* Nelson, D.M, Hu, F.S., and Michener, R.H. 2006. Stable carbon isotope composition of Poaceae pollen: an assessment for reconstructing C3and C4 grass abundance. The Holocene 16: 819-825.

* Tian, J., Nelson, D.M., and Hu, F.S. 2006. Possible linkages of late-Holocene drought in the North American Midcontinent to Pacific Decadal Oscillation and solar activity. Geophysical Research Letters 33: L23702, doi:10.1029/2006GL028169.

* Tinner, W., Hu, F.S., Beer, R., Kaltenrieder, P., Scheurer, B., and Krähenbühl, U. 2006. Postglacial fire and vegetation history: pollen, plant-macrofossil, and charcoal records from two Alaskan lakes. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 15: 279-293.

* Clegg, B.F., Tinner, W., Gavin, D.G., and Hu, F.S. 2005. Morphological analysis of Betula(birch) pollen and paleoecological application. The Holocene 15: 229-237.

* Gavin, D. G., and Hu, F.S. 2005. Bioclimatic modelling using Gaussian mixture distributions and multiscale segmentation. Global Ecology and Biogeography 14: 491-501.

Korotky, A.M, et al. including Hu, F.S. 2005. Characteristics of the Holocene environmental history of the Sikhote-Alin Range (Primorskii Krai) from lake sediments. In: Pages from Quaternary History of Northeast Asia (V.Ye. Glotov, ed.), pp. 70-86. NEISRI FEB RAS, Magadan.

** Oswald, W.W., Anderson, P.M., Brown, T.A., Brubaker, L.B., Hu, F.S., Lozkin, A.V., Tinner, W., and Kaltenreider, P. 2005. Effects of samples size and type on radiocarbon dating of arctic and subarctic lake sediments. The Holocene 15: 758-767.

* Tian, J., Brown, T. A., and Hu, F.S. 2005. Comparison of varved and radiocarbon chronologies at Steel Lake, Minnesota. The Holocene 15: 510-517.

**Foit, F.F., Gavin, D.G., and Hu, F.S. 2004. The tephra stratigraphy of two lakes in south-central British Columbia, Canada and its implications for the mid-late Holocene volcanic activity at Glacier Peak and Mount St. Helens, Washington, USA. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 41: 1401-1410.

* Lynch, J.A., Hollis, J.L., and Hu, F.S. 2004. Climatic and landscape controls of the boreal-forest fire regime: Holocene records from Alaska. Journal of Ecology 92: 477-489.

Kaufman et al. [PDF] including Hu, F.S. 2004. Holocene thermal maximum in the western Arctic (0 to 180° W). Quaternary Science Reviews23: 529-560.

* Nelson, D.M., Hu, F.S., Tian, J., Stefanova, I., and Brown, T.A. 2004. Response of C3 and C4 plants to middle-Holocene climatic variation near the forest-prairie ecotone in Minnesota. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 101: 562-567.

** Wright, H.E., Stephanova, I., Tian, J., Brown, T.A., and Hu, F.S. 2004. A chronological framework for the Holocene vegetational history of northwestern Minnesota: The Steel Lake pollen record. Quaternary Science Reviews 23: 611-626.

Hu, F.S., Kaufman, D., Yoneji, S., Nelson, D., Shemesh, A., Huang, Y.S., Tian, J., Bond, G., Clegg, B., and Brown, T. 2003. Cyclic variation and solar forcing of Holocene climate in the Alaskan subarctic. Science 301: 1890-1893.

Hu, F.S., and Shemesh, A. 2003. A biogenic-silica d18O record of climatic change during the last glacial-interglacial transition in southwestern Alaska. Quaternary Research 59: 379-385.

Kaufman, D.S., Hu, F.S., Briner, J.P., Werner, A., Finney, B.P., and Gregory-Eaves, I. 2003. A 30,000 year record of environmental change from Arolik Lake, Ahklun Mountains, Alaska. Journal of Paleolimnology 30: 343-362.

Korotkii, A.M. et al. including Hu, F.S. 2003. Development of landscapes in southern Primor`ye during the middle and late Holocene. In Simakov, K.V. Spatial and Temporal changes in Quaternary Environments of North East Asia. NEISRI FEB RAS, Magadan.

Oswald, W.W., Anderson, P.M, Brubaker, L.B., Hu, F.S., and Engstrom D.R. 2003. Representation of tundra vegetation by pollen in lake sediments in northern Alaska. Journal of Biogeography 30: 521-535.

Oswald, W.W., Brubaker, L.B., Hu, F.S., and Gavin, D. 2003. Pollen-vegetation calibration for tundra communities in the Arctic Foothills, northern Alaska. Journal of Ecology 91: 1022-1033.

Oswald, W.W., Brubaker, L.B., Hu, F.S., and Kling, G. 2003. Holocene pollen records from the central Arctic Foothills, northern Alaska: testing the role of substrate in the response of tundra to climate change. Journal of Ecology 91: 1034-1048.

* Tinner, W., and Hu, F.S. 2003. Size parameters, size-class distribution, and area-number relationship of microscopic charcoal: Relevance for fire reconstruction. The Holocene 13: 291-296.

Hu, F.S., Lee, B.Y., D.S., Kaufman, Yoneji, S., Nelson, D.M., and Henne, P.D. 2002. Response of tundra ecosystem in southwestern Alaska to Younger Dryas climatic oscillations. Global Change Biology 8: 1156-1163.

Hu, F.S., Ito, E., Brown, T. A., Curry, B.B., and Engstrom, D.R. 2001. Pronounced climatic variations during the last two millennia in the Alaska Range. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 98: 10552-10556.

Hu, F.S., Finney, B., and Brubaker, L.B. 2001. Effects of Holocene Alnus expansion on aquatic productivity, nitrogen cycling, and soil development in southwestern Alaska. Ecosystems 4: 358-368.

Brubaker, L.B., Anderson, P.M, and Hu, F.S. 2001. Vegetation ecotone dynamics in Southwestern Alaska during the Late Quaternary. Quaternary Science Reviews 20: 175-188.

Kaufman, D.K., Manley, W.F., Wolf, A. P., Hu, F.S., Preece, S.J., Westgate, J.A., and Forman, S.L. 2001. The last interglacial to glacial transition, Togiak Bay, southwestern Alaska. Quaternary Research 55: 190-202.

Edwards, M.E., Anderson, P.M., Brubaker, L.B., Ager, T.A., Andreev, A.A., Bigelow, N.H., Cwynar, L.C., Eisner, W.R., Harrison, S. P., Hu, F.S., Jolly, D., Lozhkin, A.V., MacDonald, G.M., Mock, C.J., Ritchie, J.C., Sher, A.V., Spear, R.W., Williams, J.W., and Yu, G. 2000. Plant-based biomes for Beringia 18,000, 6,000, and 0 14C yr B.P. Journal of Biogeography 27: 521-554.

Hu, F.S., Hedges, J.I., Gordon, E.S., Brubaker, L.B. 1999. Lignin biomarkers and pollen in postglacial sediments of an Alaskan lake. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 63: 1421-1430.

Hu, F.S., Slawinski, D., Wright, H.E. Jr., Ito, E., Johnson, R.G., Kelts, K.R., McEwan, R.F., and Boedigheimer, A. 1999. Abrupt climatic change in the North American midcontinent during early Holocene times. Nature 400: 437-440.

Duvall, M. et al. including Hu, F.S. 1999. Paleoenvironmental atlas of Beringia: A regional data synthesis presented in an electronic form. Quaternary Research 52: 270-271.

Hedges, J.I., Hu, F.S., Devol, A.H., Hartnett, H.E., and Keil, R.G. 1999. Sedimentary organic matter preservation: a test for selective oxic degradation. American Journal of Science 299 : 529-555.

Hu, F.S., Ito, E., Brubaker, L.B., and Anderson, P.M. 1998. Ostracode trace-element record of Holocene climatic change and implications for vegetational response in the northwestern Alaska Range. Quaternary Research 49: 86-95.

Hu, F.S., Wright, H.E., Jr., Ito, E., and Lease, K. 1997. Climatic effect of glacial Lake Agassiz in the midwestern United States. Geology 25: 207-210.

Hu, F.S., Brubaker, L.B., and Anderson, P.M. 1996. Boreal ecosystem development in the northwestern Alaska Range since 11,000 years BP. Quaternary Research 46: 188-201.

Hu, F.S., and Davis, R.B. 1995. Postglacial history of a Maine bog and paleoenvironmental implications. Canadian Journal of Botany 73: 638-649.

Hu, F.S., Brubaker, L.B., and Anderson, P.M. 1995. Postglacial vegetation and climate change in the northern Bristol Bay region, southwestern Alaska. Quaternary Research 43: 382-392.

Brubaker, L.B., Anderson, P.M., and Hu, F.S. 1995. Arctic tundra biodiversity in Alaska: a temporal perspective. In F.S. Chapin, III, and K. Kuerner (eds.): Tundra Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function. Springer-Verlag.

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